What is removal or deportation?

Deportation refers to the process of forcibly removing a person from one country to another. In the United States, it is carried out by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) authorities when the person is found to be violating immigration laws or posing a threat to national security. In recent months, the tension over the suspension of Title 42 has increased notably. This issue has meant that we hear in the media or discussions about immigration policies some terms such as deportation or expulsion. For this reason, we share with you how these actions legally affect the people involved.

Expulsion or deportation is a process by which an individual is forced to leave a country where they are found illegally or in breach of immigration laws. This process can be carried out by administrative, judicial, or political decisions, depending on the laws and regulations of each country. The most common reasons for deportation are illegal entry into the country, prolonged stay without authorization, commission of serious crimes, and violation of visa conditions, among others. Removal or deportation can have significant consequences for the lives of those affected. In many cases, it implies the separation of families, the interruption of personal and professional projects, as well as the loss of belongings and social ties. In addition, depending on the circumstances and the receiving country, there may be a risk of persecution, inhuman treatment, or violation of human rights.

It is crucial that you know that any nation is obliged to respect your human rights when executing a deportation or expulsion. Basic rights include; due process, access to legal assistance, protection from torture and cruel treatment, as well as consideration of humanitarian and protective circumstances. In summary, expulsion or deportation is the process by which a person is forced to leave a country due to their irregular immigration status or their failure to comply with immigration laws.